Impaired consciousness with mild or no motor involvement.
Stands for Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion.
An iris palsy resulting in a dilated or enlarged pupil.
Stands for Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion.
Weakening of a blood vessel causing it to “balloon” which can lead to rupture.
Outer fibrous layers of the intervertebral disc consisting of overlapping collagen fibers. Also called ‘annulus’.
Sudden loss of muscle tone that might cause unknown falls.
Refers to the neck or cervical curve of the spine; the top most curve that includes the neck area.
Narrowing of the cervical spinal canal, causing pain and radiculopathy.
Jerking of the upper and lower extremities.
Cerebral Spinal Fluid, or the fluid that surrounds the brain and spine.
Stands for Cerebral Vascular Accident, refers to decreased blood flow to the brain either from Hypertension or from a blood clot.
The outer most and toughest membrane surrounding the brain and continuing as part of the sac surrounding the spinal cord. Also called the dura.
“Dura tear,” or “CSF leak” refers to an injury to the dura causing loss in CSF fluid.
Deep Vein Thrombosis. It is rare, but sometimes a patient may develop this secondary to decreased ambulation/bed rest/unconsciousness. A DVT may lead to a Pulmonary Embolism (PE) which can be fatal.
Epidural Hematoma or blood collected in the brain between the dura and the skull.
Electroencephalogram, or a special machine to record brain activity.
Technique whereby a liquid mechanism (steroid, anesthetic) is injected clinically into the epidural space surrounding the spinal cord and spinal nerves.
Characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures.
Joints of the spine that connect all of the vertebrae and allow coordinated movement of the vertebral column.
Follow up, usually in the clinic after a procedure.
Generalized Clonic-Tonic Seizure:
Referred as Grand-mal, evolves from clonic to tonic motor activity.
The proportion of the blood that consists of packed red blood cells.
An abnormal amount of blood (in a confined space) or blood loss secondary to injury.
A condition where the center (nucleus pulposus) of the intervertebral disc is protruding through the outer fibrous layer (annulus fibrosus) of the disc. A frequent cause of low back and leg pain.
Caused by and interruption of sympathetic nervous system (Nerve roots) to the eye and face.
Abnormal collection of fluid within the brain.
Elevated blood glucose or sugar.
Elevated Potassium within the extracellular space (blood).
Elevated Sodium (salt) within the extracellular space (blood).
Hypertension, or increased blood pressure.
Decreased blood glucose or sugar.
Decreased Potassium within the extracellular space (blood).
Decreased Sodium (salt) within the extracellular space (blood).
Decreased blood pressure.
Decreased level of oxygen within the circulating blood.
Intracerebral Hemorrhage, or an abnormal amount of blood collected in the brain.
Pressure within the intracranial cavity.
The placement of a breathing tube in the trachea to ensure proper oxygenation and respiration during unconsciousness.
Insulin Dependent Diabetes Mellitus
International Normalized Ratio, refers to measuring the clotting factors of the blood. Usually in conjunction with patients who are taking Coumadin as a blood thinner.
Outward curvature of the spine, causing a humped back.
Flat pieces of the vertebral arch extending from the vertebral pedicles that form the back wall of the spinal canal.
Removal of the lamina, or a specific anatomic location on the vertebral spine.
An abnormal forward curvature of the spine.
Refers to the lower back and that area of the spinal column called the ‘lumbar curve’. This are of the spine Consists of 5 vertebrae.
Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus, bacteria that is resistant to certain antibiotics.
Shock like body jerks with changes on an EEG.
The soft and gelatinous center of an intervertebral disc which has high water content in younger persons.
Post-Anesthesia Care Unit, or where pts are transferred after surgery.
Short, thick bony structures which project backwards from each side of the vertebral body and are joined by the lamina to complete the back wall of the spinal canal.
Dysfunction of a nerve root (pain, weakness).
Anesthesia for a select region of the body produced by the injection of anesthesia around the sensory nerves supplying that area.
Lowermost portion of the spinal column consisting of 3-5 fused bones, collectively in the shape of a triangle.
Subdural Hematoma or blood collected in the brain between the dura and the skull.
Syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (ADH) secretion.
Forward displacement of a vertebra from the vertebra below due to degenerative changes in the facet joints.
The space that houses the spinal cord and spinal nerves throughout the length of the vertebral column.
Includes the chest or the mid-back region of the spine, known as the thoracic curveand consisting of 12 vertebrae. This is the area in-between the cervical and lumbar regions of the spine.
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion.
Sudden, increased muscle tone with usually a classic grunt/cry as air is forced out of the vocal cords.
Bilateral and broad flat lateral projections from each vertebral body that function as attachments for spinal ligaments and muscles.
Specific locations in the brain containing CSF.
Placement of an Intraventricular Cathater (IVC) to monitor CSF Fluid within the brain.